ML News Monthly – Apr 2021

Welcome to the seventh edition of ML News Monthly – Apr 2021!!

Here are the key happenings this month in the Machine Learning field that I think are worth knowing about. 🕸


AI Politics

The European Union proposed sweeping restrictions on AI technologies and applications.

The executive arm of the 27-nation EU published draft rules that aim to regulate, and in some cases ban, a range of AI systems. The proposal is the first to advance broad controls on the technology by a major international body.

The rules would forbid systems deemed to pose an “unacceptable” risk. These include real-time face recognition, algorithms that manipulate people via subliminal cues, and those that evaluate a person’s trustworthiness based on behavior or identity.

Read more: https://digital-strategy.ec.europa.eu/en/library/proposal-regulation-laying-down-harmonised-rules-artificial-intelligence-artificial-intelligence

U.S. safety agency reviewing 23 Tesla crashes

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration is looking into 23 crashes of Tesla vehicles that occurred when the cars’ autonomous driving systems may have been engaged.

Read more : https://www.reuters.com/article/us-tesla-crash/u-s-safety-agency-reviewing-23-tesla-crashes-three-from-recent-weeks-idUSKBN2BA2ML

The UK’s electronic surveillance agency published its plan to use AI.

Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ) outlined its intention to use machine learning to combat security threats, human trafficking, and disinformation — and to do so ethically — in a new report.

Read more: https://www.gchq.gov.uk/files/GCHQAIPaper.pdf

AI in the News

Why AI That Teaches Itself to Achieve a Goal Is the Next Big Thing

What’s the difference between the creative power of game-playing AIs and the predictive AIs most companies seem to use? How they learn. The AIs that thrive at games like Go, creating never before seen strategies, use an approach called reinforcement learning.

Read more: https://hbr.org/2021/04/why-ai-that-teaches-itself-to-achieve-a-goal-is-the-next-big-thing

AI Applications

AI Comes to Car Repair & Insurance

Automobile insurers are increasingly turning to machine learning models to calculate the cost of car repairs. The pandemic has made it difficult for human assessors to visit vehicles damaged in crashes, so the insurance industry is embracing automation.

Read More:

https://www.wired.com/story/ai-car-repair-shop-owners-not-happy/

https://tractable.ai/

AI to Recreate a Lost Painting Buried Under a Beloved Picasso Canvas

To mark the 48th anniversary of the death of Pablo Picasso, a pair of scientists is releasing a set of NFTs based on a recreation of a lost artwork hidden beneath one of the famed artist’s finished canvases, believed to be by Santiago Rusiñol.

Oxia Palus, a UK startup, developed algorithms using deep networks and neural-style transfer to analyze ghostly X-rays of overpainted artworks. Based on the artist’s known works, the computer can generate a full-color version of the lost composition.

Read more: https://news.artnet.com/art-world/lost-painting-under-picasso-masterpiece-recreated-as-an-nft-1957407

Intel ‘Bleep’ Software Filters Out Toxic Slurs in Voice Chats as You Game

Chip maker Intel is preparing to roll out a new program that can help users automatically filter out abusive language from their in-game voice chats. Intel worked with Spirit AI, which develops technology for content moderation, to let users of voice chat fine-tune how much of specific types of offensive language can reach their ears.

Read More: https://in.pcmag.com/games/141554/intel-bleep-software-filters-out-toxic-slurs-in-voice-chats-as-you-game

Artificial intelligence is preserving our ability to converse with Holocaust survivors even after they die

Survivors of the Holocaust now have the chance to preserve their stories in a way that allows them to directly answer future generations’ questions about their experiences.

Read more: https://www.cbsnews.com/news/holocaust-stories-artificial-intelligence-60-minutes-2020-04-05/

CB Insights’ published annual list of the 100 most promising private AI companies in the world

CB Insights has unveiled the winners of the fifth annual AI 100. This year’s cohort of promising private AI companies represents 12 countries and is driving innovation across 18 industries and a broad range of cross-industry applications.

The products that this year’s winners are bringing to market — from drug R&D and revenue cycle management for hospitals to autonomous beekeeping and municipal waste sortation — highlight the breadth and depth of AI’s impact on industries.

Read more: https://www.cbinsights.com/research/report/artificial-intelligence-top-startups

AI Research

ImageNet creators find blurring faces for privacy has a ‘minimal impact on accuracy’

The makers of ImageNet, one of the most influential datasets in machine learning, have released a version of the dataset that blurs people’s faces in order to support privacy experimentation. They also tested how models trained on the modified images on a variety of image recognition tasks.The team used Amazon’s Rekognition platform to find faces in ImageNet’s nearly 1.5 million examples.

Read more:

https://image-net.org/face-obfuscation/

Would your Doctor “Do as AI say” ?

A team at MIT and Regensburg University investigated how physicians responded to diagnostic advice they received from a machine learning model versus a human expert.

Read More: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41746-021-00385-9

China’s GPT-3? BAAI Introduces Superscale Intelligence Model ‘Wu Dao 1.0’

Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence (BAAI) unveiled Wu Dao 1.0, China’s first homegrown large language model. Wu Dao’s constituent models were developed by over 100 scientists at leading Chinese universities and tech companies. In January, researchers associated with the project told Wired that it could help citizens navigate China’s bureaucracy, including the Beijing Motor Vehicles Administration.

Read more: https://syncedreview.com/2021/03/23/chinas-gpt-3-baai-introduces-superscale-intelligence-model-wu-dao-1-0/


That’s it !!

Let me know if I missed anything or if there’s anything you think should be included in a future post.